LeetCode 933. Number of Recent Calls

Description

https://leetcode.com/problems/number-of-recent-calls/

You have a RecentCounter class which counts the number of recent requests within a certain time frame.

Implement the RecentCounter class:

  • RecentCounter() Initializes the counter with zero recent requests.
  • int ping(int t) Adds a new request at time t, where t represents some time in milliseconds, and returns the number of requests that has happened in the past 3000 milliseconds (including the new request). Specifically, return the number of requests that have happened in the inclusive range [t - 3000, t].

It is guaranteed that every call to ping uses a strictly larger value of t than the previous call.

Example 1:

Input
["RecentCounter", "ping", "ping", "ping", "ping"]
[[], [1], [100], [3001], [3002]]
Output

[null, 1, 2, 3, 3]

Explanation RecentCounter recentCounter = new RecentCounter(); recentCounter.ping(1); // requests = [1], range is [-2999,1], return 1 recentCounter.ping(100); // requests = [1, 100], range is [-2900,100], return 2 recentCounter.ping(3001); // requests = [1, 100, 3001], range is [1,3001], return 3 recentCounter.ping(3002); // requests = [1, 100, 3001, 3002], range is [2,3002], return 3

Constraints:

  • 1 <= t <= 109
  • Each test case will call ping with strictly increasing values of t.
  • At most 104 calls will be made to ping.

Explanation

use double side queue

Python Solution

class RecentCounter:

    def __init__(self):
        self.slide_window = deque()

    def ping(self, t: int) -> int:
        # step 1). append the current call
        self.slide_window.append(t)

        # step 2). invalidate the outdated pings
        while self.slide_window[0] < t - 3000:
            self.slide_window.popleft()

        return len(self.slide_window)
        
# Your RecentCounter object will be instantiated and called as such:
# obj = RecentCounter()
# param_1 = obj.ping(t)
  • Time Complexity: ~1
  • Space Complexity: ~1

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