LeetCode 1920. Build Array from Permutation

Description

https://leetcode.com/problems/build-array-from-permutation/

Given a zero-based permutation nums (0-indexed), build an array ans of the same length where ans[i] = nums[nums[i]] for each 0 <= i < nums.length and return it.

zero-based permutation nums is an array of distinct integers from 0 to nums.length - 1 (inclusive).

Example 1:

Input: nums = [0,2,1,5,3,4]
Output: [0,1,2,4,5,3]
Explanation: The array ans is built as follows: 
ans = [nums[nums[0]], nums[nums[1]], nums[nums[2]], nums[nums[3]], nums[nums[4]], nums[nums[5]]]
    = [nums[0], nums[2], nums[1], nums[5], nums[3], nums[4]]
    = [0,1,2,4,5,3]

Example 2:

Input: nums = [5,0,1,2,3,4]
Output: [4,5,0,1,2,3]
Explanation: The array ans is built as follows:
ans = [nums[nums[0]], nums[nums[1]], nums[nums[2]], nums[nums[3]], nums[nums[4]], nums[nums[5]]]
    = [nums[5], nums[0], nums[1], nums[2], nums[3], nums[4]]
    = [4,5,0,1,2,3]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
  • 0 <= nums[i] < nums.length
  • The elements in nums are distinct.

Follow-up: Can you solve it without using an extra space (i.e., O(1) memory)?

Constraints:

  • -105 <= num <= 105
  • There will be at least one element in the data structure before calling findMedian.
  • At most 5 * 104 calls will be made to addNum and findMedian.

Follow up:

  • If all integer numbers from the stream are in the range [0, 100], how would you optimize your solution?
  • If 99% of all integer numbers from the stream are in the range [0, 100], how would you optimize your solution?

Explanation

Implement as the problem describes.

Python Solution

class Solution:
    def buildArray(self, nums: List[int]) -> List[int]:
        results = []
        
        for i in range(len(nums)):        
            results.append(nums[nums[i]])
        
        return results
  • Time Complexity: O(N).
  • Space Complexity: O(N).

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