LeetCode 1143. Longest Common Subsequence

Description

https://leetcode.com/problems/longest-common-subsequence/

Given two strings text1 and text2, return the length of their longest common subsequenceIf there is no common subsequence, return 0.

subsequence of a string is a new string generated from the original string with some characters (can be none) deleted without changing the relative order of the remaining characters.

  • For example, "ace" is a subsequence of "abcde".

common subsequence of two strings is a subsequence that is common to both strings.

Example 1:

Input: text1 = "abcde", text2 = "ace" 
Output: 3  
Explanation: The longest common subsequence is "ace" and its length is 3.

Example 2:

Input: text1 = "abc", text2 = "abc"
Output: 3
Explanation: The longest common subsequence is "abc" and its length is 3.

Example 3:

Input: text1 = "abc", text2 = "def"
Output: 0
Explanation: There is no such common subsequence, so the result is 0.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= text1.length, text2.length <= 1000
  • text1 and text2 consist of only lowercase English characters.

Explanation

Use dynamic programming approach to solve this problem. f[i][j] represents the longest common subsequence between text1[0 : i] and text2[0 : j].

If text1[i] == text2[j], then the longest common subsequence just increase from previous position from both words by 1: f[i][j] = f[i – 1][j – 1] + 1.

Otherwise, if text1[i] != text2[j], the longest common subsequence would be the longest between text[i – 1] and text2[j] or text1[i] and text2[j – 1].

Python Solution

class Solution:
    def longestCommonSubsequence(self, text1: str, text2: str) -> int:
        
        m = len(text1)
        n = len(text2)
        
        f = []
        
        for i in range(m + 1):
            f.append([])
            for j in range(n + 1):
                f[i].append(0)
                
        for i in range(m):
            for j in range(n):                
                if text1[i] == text2[j]:
                    f[i + 1][j + 1] = f[i][j] + 1
                else:
                    f[i + 1][j + 1] = max(f[i][j + 1], f[i + 1][j])
                    
                                    
        return f[m][n]
                
  • Time complexity: O(MN). We’re solving M * N subproblems. Solving each subproblem is an O(1)operation.
  • Space complexity: O(MN). We’re allocating a 2D array of size M * N to save the answers to subproblems.

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