LeetCode 102. Binary Tree Level Order Traversal

Description

https://leetcode.com/problems/binary-tree-level-order-traversal/description/

Given a binary tree, return the level order traversal of its nodes’ values. (ie, from left to right, level by level).

For example:
Given binary tree [3,9,20,null,null,15,7],

    3
   / \
  9  20
    /  \
   15   7

return its level order traversal as:

[
  [3],
  [9,20],
  [15,7]
]

Explanation

Conduct a breadth-first search for level order traversal. Uses a queue to help store the level nodes.

Video Tutorial

Java Solution

/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * public class TreeNode {
 *     int val;
 *     TreeNode left;
 *     TreeNode right;
 *     TreeNode(int x) { val = x; }
 * }
 */
class Solution {
    public List<List<Integer>> levelOrder(TreeNode root) {
        List<List<Integer>> result = new ArrayList<>();
        
        if (root == null) {
            return result;
        }
        
        Queue<TreeNode> queue = new LinkedList<>();
        queue.offer(root);
        
        while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
            int levelSize = queue.size();
            List<Integer> level = new ArrayList<>();
            
            for (int i = 0; i < levelSize; i++) {
                TreeNode node = queue.poll();
                level.add(node.val);
                
                if (node.left != null) {
                    queue.offer(node.left);
                }
                
                if (node.right != null) {
                    queue.offer(node.right);
                }                
            }    
            
            result.add(level);
        }
        
        return result;
    }
}

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